When the Pilgrims arrived at Plymouth Bay, indigenous peoples on the East Coast had been in sustained contact with European explorers and fur traders for over a hundred years. In the 17th century, however, European colonists began to permanently settle in North America. Indigenous communities found ways to adapt their cultural forms to the regular presence of Europeans, building upon knowledge amassed over the last century. The following primary source set contains primary and secondary source documents accompanied by annotations and questions, classroom activities, and relevant standards. Download PDF.
1569 – 1763