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John C. Calhoun

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portrait of John C Calhoun

Calhoun served as President Monroe’s secretary of war. Calhoun initially supported the American system to protect fledgling American industry and support commerce. He withdrew his support when the South Carolina economy became dependent on cotton production because the protective tariff—an important component of the American System—was contrary to the economic welfare of the state.

Relevant Date(s)
1782 - 1850

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